By Alan Cruse
This easy-to-use consultant illuminates key options and phrases in semantics and pragmatics and the examine of that means because it is conveyed via language.
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Additional info for A Glossary of Semantics and Pragmatics
This may simply be because they occur together very frequently, but usually the sequence also has a semantic unity. For instance, one or more of the constituent words may have a special sense which only appears in that combination, or in a limited set of related combinations. The following expressions, for instance, are collocations in this sense: a high wind, high seas, high office, have a high opinion of. In each case, the word high has a (different) special meaning, and this meaning is different from the default meaning present in, for instance, a high wall.
793 02 pages 001-202 46 31/3/06 10:19 Page 46 A GLOSSARY OF SEMANTICS AND PRAGMATICS deontic modality see under modality de re vs de dicto interpretations An utterance like The prize cheque will be presented to the winner by the president of the company has two interpretations corresponding to two readings of the phrase the president of the company. The first interpretation is that the phrase refers to the person who is president of the company at the time of the utterance, who may or may not still be president at the time of the presentation.
2. They contribute to, or emphasise coherence relations in discourse. 3. They act as constraints on relevance. ) discrete vs continuous signs Continuous signs can vary in a gradual way along at least one dimension, and each 793 02 pages 001-202 52 31/3/06 10:19 Page 52 A GLOSSARY OF SEMANTICS AND PRAGMATICS perceptible change entails a meaning change. Take the case of a smile. This can vary in ‘breadth’ from the merest hint of a smile to a broad grin, and all the intermediate stages indicate a particular degree of amusement (or whatever).
A Glossary of Semantics and Pragmatics by Alan Cruse
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