Alan Cruse's A Glossary of Semantics and Pragmatics (Glossaries in PDF

By Alan Cruse

ISBN-10: 0748621113

ISBN-13: 9780748621118

ISBN-10: 0748626891

ISBN-13: 9780748626892

This easy-to-use advisor illuminates key strategies and phrases in semantics and pragmatics and the research of which means because it is conveyed via language.

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Additional info for A Glossary of Semantics and Pragmatics (Glossaries in Linguistics)

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The second interpretation is that whoever is president at the time of the presentation ceremony will present the cheque. This reading, which is committed only to the intension of the utterance, but leaves the extension open, is known as a de dicto reading. derivation, derivational affix see under affix diachronic semantics The study of the way the meanings of semantic expressions change over time. See semantic change. diagnostic vs typical features The diagnostic features of a category are those which distinguish it from all or most of its fellows; the typical features are those which all or most of the members of a category possess.

Typical examples are hot: cold; sweet: sour; happy: sad. Of all types of antonym, the equipollent type shows the greatest degree of symmetry between the two terms, hence most symptoms of polarity are absent. For instance, both terms are committed in the comparative (for something to be hotter than something else, it must be hot, and likewise with colder and cold) and both yield committed how-questions: How hot is it? and How cold is it? presume hotness and coldness respectively. Equipollent antonyms are the least frequent type in English (some languages, such as Turkish, do not appear to have any); most of them refer to sensations or emotions.

For instance, Pete hasn’t registered yet and Pete hasn’t registered are propositionally identical, but the presence of yet in the former implicates that Pete is still expected to arrive (still and already have similar properties). Pete hasn’t registered yet and I know for a fact he does not intend to. I don’t want to know the reasons for your presence, but why are you here? conventional signs see under natural vs conventional signs conversational analysis This is an area of study, nowadays usually considered a branch of pragmatics, concerned A GLOSSARY OF SEMANTICS AND PRAGMATICS 37 with the structure of natural conversations.

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A Glossary of Semantics and Pragmatics (Glossaries in Linguistics) by Alan Cruse

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