By ACI Committee 301
ACI 301 covers normal development requisites for cast-in-place structural concrete and slabs-on-ground. the 1st 5 sections hide fabrics and proportioning of concrete; reinforcement and prestressing metal; construction, putting, completing, and curing of concrete; formwork functionality standards and development; therapy of joints; embedded goods, fix of floor defects; and completing of shaped and unformed surfaces. Provisions governing trying out, assessment, and recognition of concrete in addition to popularity of the constructions are incorporated. the rest sections are dedicated to architectural concrete, light-weight concrete, mass concrete, posttensioned concrete, shrinkage-compensating concrete, commercial ground slabs, tilt-up development, precast structural concrete, and precast architectural concrete.
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Extra resources for ACI 301-10: Specifications for Structural Concrete
For many years, TEM has been a powerful tool for the study of fracture surfaces at high magniﬁcations. However, its use in microfractography has become less frequent since the advent of SEM. A failed specimen cannot be directly placed for study in a TEM because bulk metals are not transparent to electrons. A plastic replica of the fracture surface is prepared. Replication is usually done in two stages. A replicating tape made of cellulose acetate, softened in acetone, is pressed on the fracture surface with a piece of soft rubber and allowed to dry.
Then they are gradually separated. As the displacement between them increases, small nonoverlapping areas appear. , they are the sites where microcracks nucleated. As the relative displacement between the topographs is increased, new nonoverlapping areas appear, representing nucleation of new microcracks; existing nonoverlapping areas become larger, representing growth of microcracks; and adjacent nonoverlapped areas merge, signifying microfracture coalescence. Thus, the fracture process is reconstructed.
Two such cases are illus(a) Fig. 3 Beach marks characteristic of fatigue fracture. Source: Ref 3 (b) Fig. 1 The three distinct zones on the fracture surface of a ductile material Fig. 4 Ratchet marks around the perimeter of a shaft that failed in fatigue indicate multiple origins of fracture. failed under tensile load. Source: Ref 3 a b c d 1 mm Fig. 2 Chevron marks indicating fast fracture Fig. 5 Polished and etched longitudinal section of a bolt-nut assembly. The bolt and nut are held together by very few threads.
ACI 301-10: Specifications for Structural Concrete by ACI Committee 301
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