By George F. Luger, William A Stubblefield
AI Algorithms, information buildings, and Idioms in Prolog, Lisp, and Java
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Additional info for AI algorithms, data structures, and idioms in Prolog, Lisp, and Java
First, if the existential value of a variable is known, that value may be entered directly into the database. Thus, likes(george, wine) is an instance of likes(george, Z). Second, to find an instance of a variable that makes an expression true, we query the interpreter. For example, to find whether a Z exists such that likes(george, Z) is true, we put this query to the interpreter. pd39 39 5/15/2008 6:34:57 PM 24 Part II: Programming in Prolog find whether a value of Z exists under which the expression is true.
When further (exhaustive) search is not required, the tree can be explicitly pruned at that point. This allows Prolog code to have the flavor of function calling: when one set of values (bindings) is “returned” by a Prolog predicate (or set of predicates) and the cut is encountered, the interpreter does not search for any other unifications. Thus, if that set of values does not lead to a solution then no further values are attempted. 3). A second use of the cut controls recursive calls. For example, in the path call: path(Z, Z, L).
Pd38 38 5/15/2008 6:34:56 PM Chapter 2 Prolog: Representation 23 because neither the predicate calculus nor Prolog has global variables, the scopes (extent of definition) of X, Y, and Z are limited to the friends rule. Second, values bound to, or unified with, X, Y, and Z are consistent across the entire expression. The treatment of the friends rule by the Prolog interpreter is seen in the following example. - friends(george, susie). yes To solve this query, Prolog searches the database using the backtrack algorithm.
AI algorithms, data structures, and idioms in Prolog, Lisp, and Java by George F. Luger, William A Stubblefield
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