By James J. Hennesey
Written through one of many most effective historians of yankee Catholicism, this e-book provides a entire heritage of the Roman Catholic Church in the US from colonial instances to the current. Hennesey examines, particularly, minority Catholics and advancements within the western a part of the us, a area usually neglected in non secular histories.
Read Online or Download American Catholics: A History of the Roman Catholic Community in the United States (Galaxy Books) PDF
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But in the Anglo-French War of 1627-29 Quebec was captured, and France's American colony was not restored until the treaty of St. Germain-en-Laye in 1632. King Louis XIII's chief minister, Cardinal de Richelieu, sent the 23 24 AMERICAN CATHOLICS Jesuits to the Huron, Algonquin, and Montagnais and the Capuchins to Acadia (Nova Scotia). Maine remained a wilderness frontier area, divided at the Kennebec River between New England and New France. Sporadic visits from Franciscans, Quebec seminary priests and Jesuits kept contact with the Abenaki, who lived between the Ste.
Indians were also sometimes enslaved, although most slaves, including those who after 1727 worked plantations owned by the Jesuits, were blacks brought in from the Caribbean. The Code Noir or Black Code of 1724 attempted to regulate conditions of slave labor. Religious instruction was required, a prescription often ignored. Slaves might not marry without permission. Miscegenation, in or out of marriage, was forbidden. The Code Noir also forbade public religious services other than Roman Catholic and ordered expulsion of Jews.
Massive looting occurred, cattle, sheep, and horses were slaughtered, fields laid waste. Mission paternalism yielded to anarchy and the brief rule of the "dons," the gente de razon who called themselves Californios. 22 Indians and cholo peons herded cattle on vast ranches in return for their keep. The Indian death rate was twice that of black slaves on America's other coast. The Californios lived a free and lazy life, riding madly about the countryside, enjoying brutal blood sports. They were an illiterate lot, innocent of cultural influence.
American Catholics: A History of the Roman Catholic Community in the United States (Galaxy Books) by James J. Hennesey
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