By Shawn Loewen, Luke Plonsky
"A short and obtainable creation to the strategies and methods utilized in utilized linguistics learn, as a way to be illustrated utilizing real-life examples. The ebook covers either qualitative and quantitative examine layout, sampling approaches, instrumentation and analyses present in utilized linguistics research"--
summary: "A short and obtainable creation to the thoughts and methods utilized in utilized linguistics learn, on the way to be illustrated utilizing real-life examples. The booklet covers either qualitative and quantitative study layout, sampling techniques, instrumentation and analyses present in utilized linguistics examine"
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Additional info for An A-Z of applied linguistics research methods
Thus, researchers have developed surveys, for example, that attempt to measure anxiety by asking learners to agree or disagree with questions such as: I never feel quite sure of myself when I am speaking in my foreign language class and I start to panic when I have to speak without preparation in language class (Horwitz, Horwitz, & Cope, 1986). It is also possible to measure behavioral or physiological manifestations of anxiety, such as increased heart rate. Horwitz, E. , Horwitz, M. , & Cope, J.
Schumann, J. (1978). The pidginization process: A model for second language acquisition. Rowley, MA: Newbury House. 19 20 An A – Z of Applied Linguistics Research Methods Categorical variable A type of variable in quantitative research consisting of discrete, nonnumeric categories. Categorical variables, also called nominal variables, contrast with ordinal and continuous variables. Examples of common categorical variables in applied linguistics are L1 background and L 2 target language, each containing potential categories such as English, Chinese, Spanish, and so forth.
In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. , pp. 163–188). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Richards, K. (2003). Qualitative inquiry in TESOL. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Construct validity How well a specific instrument measures the object (or construct) that it is intended to measure. For example, a test in which learners have to write a story is not a good measure of oral proficiency; an oral storytelling task would be more appropriate and therefore have greater construct validity. The issue of construct validity has often surfaced in the context of instructed SLA research, where researchers have examined the effects of implicit and explicit instruction on implicit and explicit L2 knowledge.
An A-Z of applied linguistics research methods by Shawn Loewen, Luke Plonsky