Arguments in Syntax and Semantics - download pdf or read online

By Alexander Williams

ISBN-10: 0521190967

ISBN-13: 9780521190961

Argument constitution - the trend of underlying kinfolk among a predicate and its dependents - is on the base of syntactic idea and the speculation of the interface with semantics. This accomplished advisor explores the explanations for thematic and event-structural decomposition, and its relation to constitution in syntax. It additionally discusses vast styles within the linking of syntactic to semantic kin, and comprises insightful case reviews on passive and resultative structures. Semantically particular and syntactically neutral, with a cautious, interrogative technique, Williams clarifies notions of argument inside of either lexicalist and nonlexicalist ways. perfect for college kids and researchers in syntactic and semantic concept, this creation comprises: • A finished assessment of arguments in syntax and semantics • dialogue questions and proposals for additional studying • A thesaurus with beneficial definitions of key words.

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Since Obama, True is in this set, Application of the won function to Obama (namely, Obama) yields True in (37c). (37) a λx [ True if and only if x won, and otherwise False ] b { Obama, True , Romney, False , Biden, True , Ryan, False , . } c Application[ won , Obama ] = True Conjunction[f, g] is an operation over two functions f and g. The operation yields a new function, h, equivalent to λx[fx & gx]. For example, if the values of won and cried are functions that yield True just for those who won and those who cried, respectively, then the Conjunction of those two values is a new function that yields True just for those who both won and cried.

So the word that will be pronounced “carried,” (25), has the syntactic category of a sentence with its subject and object missing. To build the final sentential tree in (24), we substitute tokens of (27) and (26) for the relevant nodes in tree (25). This yields the exact same output as does the derivation under the first grammar. But it involves one step less, since the combination of “carry” and its category is, so to speak, precompiled in Lexicon. In Chapter 3, I will compare lexicalized to nonlexicalized treatments of argument structure, and briefly discuss the reasons why lexicalized grammars are presently dominant.

3, I will outline some unorthodox ways of reading these formulas, with which we can accommodate alternative semantic assumptions. Any formula λx[φ] names a function. A function, under one standard definition, is a set of ordered pairs. So λx[φ] names a set of ordered pairs. The set named by λx[φ] consists of exactly one pair 8 In Montague Grammar there would be no theoretical significance whatsoever to translating a lexical item with a complex formula. But if a lexical item is semantically congruent to a complex formula, this indicates semantic structure in the lexical item, either in its lexical derivation or in its semantic value.

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Arguments in Syntax and Semantics by Alexander Williams


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